Saturday, January 28, 2012

Key Milestones of Queen Victoria's Reign



Queen Victoria ( 1837 - 1901 )

1837 - Victoria succeeds her uncle, William IV

1840 - Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

1840 - The Penny Post is introduced. First postage stamp is the Penny Black.

1840 - First colonist settlement in New Zealand.

1845 - - 1849 Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people. Many emigrate to America.

1849 - Harrods store in London is opened

1854 - Charge of the Light Brigade

1854 - 10,000 die of cholera from contaminated water in London.

1856 - The Victoria Cross is instituted for military bravery.

1858 - First trans-Atlantic telegraph service

1861 - Prince Albert dies of typhoid

1861 - - 65 Civil War in America. Southern states unsuccessfully seek to involve Britain which has sufficient cotton from Egypt and India, but needs the Union North's grain.

1863 - The Salvation Army is founded.

1863 - The Football Association is founded.

1865 - Slavery is ended in America with Northern Union victory in the American Civil War

1867 - Canada becomes the first independent dominion in the Empire.

1868 - Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the first time.

1870 - Death of Charles Dickens

1874 - Disraeli becomes Prime Minister for the second time.

1876 - Scots Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone

1878 - William Booths Christian movement adopts the name The Salvation Army

1880 - Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as Prime Minister

1884 - Greenwich Meridian and Mean Time adopted

1887 - Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee. She has ruled for 50 years.

1897 - Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee.

1897 - Marconi demonstrates wireless transmission across the Bristol Channel

1901 - Queen Victoria dies, aged 81.