Saturday, January 28, 2012
Key Milestones of Queen Victoria's Reign
Queen Victoria ( 1837 - 1901 )
1837 - Victoria succeeds her uncle, William IV
1840 - Victoria marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
1840 - The Penny Post is introduced. First postage stamp is the Penny Black.
1840 - First colonist settlement in New Zealand.
1845 - - 1849 Irish Potato Famine kills more than a million people. Many emigrate to America.
1849 - Harrods store in London is opened
1854 - Charge of the Light Brigade
1854 - 10,000 die of cholera from contaminated water in London.
1856 - The Victoria Cross is instituted for military bravery.
1858 - First trans-Atlantic telegraph service
1861 - Prince Albert dies of typhoid
1861 - - 65 Civil War in America. Southern states unsuccessfully seek to involve Britain which has sufficient cotton from Egypt and India, but needs the Union North's grain.
1863 - The Salvation Army is founded.
1863 - The Football Association is founded.
1865 - Slavery is ended in America with Northern Union victory in the American Civil War
1867 - Canada becomes the first independent dominion in the Empire.
1868 - Gladstone becomes Prime Minister for the first time.
1870 - Death of Charles Dickens
1874 - Disraeli becomes Prime Minister for the second time.
1876 - Scots Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone
1878 - William Booths Christian movement adopts the name The Salvation Army
1880 - Gladstone succeeds Disraeli as Prime Minister
1884 - Greenwich Meridian and Mean Time adopted
1887 - Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee. She has ruled for 50 years.
1897 - Victoria celebrates her Diamond Jubilee.
1897 - Marconi demonstrates wireless transmission across the Bristol Channel
1901 - Queen Victoria dies, aged 81.